he table below illustrates the Approaches to Human Behaviour that are covered throughout the Approaches unit. As part of the specification (AQA) it is a requirement that students are able to offer a comparison of the approaches to human behaviour. This table outlines a comparison in relation to; determinism and free will, reductionism and holism, nature vs. nurture, extrapolation and whether the approach is idiographic or nomothetic.
Learning Approach: The Behaviourist Approach including;
Classical Conditioning and Pavlovâ€™s research
(2) Operant Conditioning, types of reinforcement and Skinnerâ€™s research.
(3) Social Learning Theory including imitation, identification, modelling, vicarious reinforcement, the role of mediational processes and Banduraâ€™s research.