Baddeley & Hitchâ€™s (1974) Working Memory Model (WMM) arose out of criticisms aimed at the Multi-Store Model (MSM), particularly the idea that STM was a unitary store â€“ to test this Baddeley and Hitch devised the dual-task technique.
(1) Episodic memory (part of the explicit LTM â€“ (conscious))
- Personal experiences (episodes/events) E.g. memory of your first day at school, family holiday etcâ€¦
- Specific details of event (who was there, time and place)
- Context (what happened before/after, why the event happened)
- Emotions (felt at the time)
AO1, Definition of â€˜Memoryâ€™: The process by which we retain information about events that have happened in the past. This includes fleeting (short term) memories as well as memories that last for longer (long term). Research has identified a number of key differences between short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) in terms of the way these types of memory work.
Click here to access our website notes on the description, evaluation and application of the Long Term Memory.