The Maternal Deprivation Theory was developed by John Bowlby (1951) and focuses on how the effects of early experiences may interfere with the usual process of attachment formation. Bowlby proposed that separation from the mother or mother-substitute has a serious effect on psychological development. Bowlby famously said that â€˜mother-infant love in infancy and childhood is more important for mental health as are vitamins and proteins for physical health.â€™ Being separated from a mother in early childhood can have serious consequences according to Bowlby.
There are two main explanations of infant attachment; The Learning Theory of Attachment, and the Evolutionary Theory of Attachment.
The Evolutionary Theory of Attachment as put forward by John Bowlby which focus on the biological processes in the formation of infant and primary caregiver attachments.
Stages of Attachment Teaching Resources: