Definition: Personality: The term â€˜personalityâ€™ is difficult to define, but a typical definition sees an individualâ€™s personality as their characteristic ways of behaving, thinking, feeling, reacting and perceiving the world. Personalities are often seen as relatively stable over time and based on this, psychologists have attempted to classify people into â€˜personality typesâ€™. These personality types may then be used to see if certain personality types are more susceptible to becoming stressed and, as a result, more likely to develop stress-related illnesses.
There are many scales used to measure stress. Some measures rely on individuals to report their own stress levels (e.g. self-report methods â€“ questionnaires etc..) whereas, other measures adopt a more objective approach. These are known as physiological measures.
Definition: Immune System: The bodyâ€™s main way of defending itself against millions of antigens (i.e. bacteria, viruses, toxins and parasites) that would otherwise invade it. None of these things are able to affect the body when the immune system is working effectively. The moment the immune system stops functioning properly, the body becomes at risk of infection and illness.
The stress response is important for survival in animals because the physiological changes associated with stress are essential in conditions of fight or flight (i.e. attacking or running away).
A description of the different types of bias associated with psychological research including; gender bias, alpha bias, beta bias, androcentrism, gynocentrism, cultural relativism, ethnocentric bias, cultural bias. A focus on the implications of these bias in research
Biological Factors and Gender Development AO1, Description: The role of chromosomes Chromosomes are made from DNA, there are 46 chromosomes in the human body arranges into 23 pairs. The 23rd […]
Sex or Gender? – AO1, Description: Why is it important to make the distinction? In everyday life, the terms sex and gender are often used interchangeably suggesting they are one […]
Description, AO1 of Research into Workplace Stress Definition: Workplace Stress: Some aspect of our working environment (such as work overload or impending deadlines) that we experience as stressful, and which […]